- Right view is understanding the Four Noble Truths.
- Right thought is free from lust, ill will, cruelty, and untruthfulness.
- Right speech is abstaining from lying, tale bearing, and harsh language.
- Right action is abstaining from killing, stealing and sexual misconduct.
Right livelihood is earning a living in a way not harmful to any living thing.
- Right effort is to avoid evil thoughts and overcome them, to arouse good thoughts and maintain them.
Right mindfulness is to pay attention to every state of the body, feeling, mind.
- Right concentration is concentration on a single object so as to induce certain special states of consciousness in deep meditation.
Laos – Luang Prabang.
- Pain or Suffering: such as birth, old age, illness, death, living with someone you dislike, being apart from a loved one, not having the things you want; in short, clinging to existence is pain.
- Cause of Pain: pain derives from a thirst of ownership and claiming possession. This thirst springs from the ignorance that convinces you there is an inner self (atman) and that possessing material goods brings happiness; the craving for existence.
- The Cessation of Pain: release and detachment from that craving. The important thing to rid oneself of this thirst. Buddhism avows that it is possible to be delivered from pain, that it is possible to achieve Nirvana, the state of enlightenment, by renouncing every kind of dependence, greed and hatred, and by extinguishing all illusions. Nirvana is freedom, happiness and unconditional finality. No matter in which class of society, every human being can achieve this state.
The Path that Leads to the Cessation of Pain: to facilitate achieving Nirvana there is what is known as the Noble Eightfold Path.
Cambodia–Siem Reap. Angkor,Bayon Temple.
Cambodia – Phnom Penh