St. Paul was condemned to death in Rome during the Emperor Nero’s reign. St. Peter was crucified upside down, and St-Bartholomew was flayed alive before being executed. There were many others who suffered. The cult of the saints in the public worship of the Christian church began with the primitive church practice of paying honour to those who willingly endured death at the hands of persecutors rather than deny the Christian faith. The term martyr was given to those who suffered for Christ and who endured death in loyalty to Christ. Throughout the Christian year, the life, death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus are celebrated particularly at festivals, such as Christmas and Easter, and saints, preachers and martyrs are also commemorated.
During the middle ages the practice arose of bestowing on a saint honour for prossessing definite attributes and then of considering the saint as an intercessor with special power regarding particular human needs. Thus, the saints became, in time, special patrons of countries, cities and vocational groups.
The Roman Catholic Church may create saints in a formal process known as canonization, which requires one to be a Roman Catholic, to have proof of good works, miracles, and to have lived a life similar to that of Jesus. Canonization can take place only after the death of the candidate. The process of canonization in the Orthodox Eastern Church is less juridical than that in the Roman Catholic Church.
Judgement would be proclaimed by angels sounding trumpets at the four corners of the earth. Those who have done good deeds, who have behaved to all as if they were Jesus, would be sent on the path to heaven. The Catholic Church summarized the seven deadly sins deserving of eternal punishment as: wrath, envy, sloth, greed, lust, pride and gluttony. Those who have committed these sins would be sent to hell if they died without repentance.