BAPTISM should probably be regarded as a universal element in the history of religions. It is evident that at the time of Jesus Judaism was in possession of various baptismal rites. Christian contact with these rites came through the work of John the Baptist, who heralded the coming of Jesus Christ, and baptised him as well. John the Baptist, asked people to repent for having turned away from God and baptised them in the River Jordan to make a break with the sinful past. The River Jordan has extraordinary religious and symbolic significance. This is the river that marks the boundary of the Promised Land; these are the waters that Moses was not allowed to cross. Joshua crossed them. On these banks John the Baptist preached, and according to tradition Jesus was baptized there. When Jesus received baptism from his cousin he was in his thirties. Baptism is the initiatory rite of the Christian Church. He also ordered His disciples to baptize all people.